FIRST AID FOR MALARIA AND FLU INNOVATION
Author: Eporu Ronald
Last update: Feb 10, 2015 (Omission of the word weeks in the Summary corrected – Feb 13 and Applications of first aid updated -Feb 18)
Summary of Innovation
First aid consists of taking 2 liters of drinking water per day, and ample intake of cool fresh air as a remedy called aerotherapy. My innovation entails a mobile App and E-book/book that guide users to detect the earliest symptoms of malaria and flu, and then quickly apply first aid to prevent severity of malaria and longevity of flu. These products enable users to quickly detect itchiness/scratchiness of throat and sneezing, as the earliest signs of flu infection having been exposed to a flu victim. First aid is then quickly applied to cut durations of flu illness from 12 days to 4 days, by preventing late symptoms such as; nasal congestion, nasal discharge, fever, headache, cough and body aches. I have achieved these positive results in 17 out of my 19 trials over the last 3 years and 9 months (Jan 2011- Oct 2014). A positive result minimizes the spread of flu by blocking infectious symptoms like; sneezing, nasal discharge, fever and cough. My products also enable users to detect joint pains, dullness of taste/appetite and thirst/dark urine, as the earliest symptoms of malaria then quickly apply first aid. First aid has often enabled me to prevent severe symptoms of malaria like; fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and body aches, in 7 out of my 9 trials in 5 years (Nov 2009-Nov 2014). This result can keep a patient physically fit for a period of days to weeks while searching for genuine antimalarial medication. Drinking water is a very good conductor of heat, which enables a body to drain out excess heat through frequent urination and maximal sweating, and thus, prevents fever and preserves appetite.
Origin of Innovation
I fell ill with typhoid fever in May 2000 which kept on recurring for 2 years as it could not respond to repetitive doses of conventional drugs. In 2002, this persistent fever served as an opportunity for me to discover medicinal value of cool fresh air in controlling fever. In the same year, I invented selective use of light beddings to optimize intake of cool air and control body temperature through the night as a form of indoor aerotherapy, which complements outdoor method of aerotherapy. Outdoor aerotherapy entails spending time outdoors where one gets plenty of cool breezes/winds in light and loosely fitting attire. Adherence to a combination of both methods of aerotherapy enabled me to gradually recover from typhoid fever. Aerotherapy was originally applied to treat tuberculosis in Switzerland before 1944. It involves considerable exposure to cool winds to inhibit fever in a bid to stimulate natural healing of the body. A few weeks into my new invention I discovered a new application of aerotherapy in halting flu infections i.e. reducing its duration by preventing symptoms like; nasal discharge, cough, fever, headache, Est. Successful application of aerotherapy to abort flu infections often depends on identifying earliest symptoms then applying it immediately.
Scientific Rationale (Basis) for First Aid
Drinking water is a very good conductor of heat used by bodies to regulate body temperature. Drinking at least 2 liters of water per day upon identifying the earliest symptoms of malaria or flu, induces sweating and frequent urination that transmit excess heat out of the body, to prevent fever and dehydration. Drinking sufficient water also helps prevent headache and body aches, since these two symptoms are largely precipitated by heat/fever.
Wellcome Trust Malaria CD-ROM literature denotes that malaria parasites produce sticky proteins on the surfaces of red blood cells infected by parasites, which makes these cells stick to walls of tiny blood vessels in body joints. It makes body joints among the first organs where pain can be felt, due to accumulation of malaria parasites that can block tiny blood vessels within joints. Adequate intake of water increases the volume of blood and widens tiny blood vessels, which apparently minimizes stickiness of infected red blood cells to walls of tiny blood vessels, and hence, facilitate their efficient transportation to the spleen for destruction. Rapid elimination of infected red blood cells from the blood stream inhibits multiplication of malaria parasites and invasion of new red blood cells, thus, rendering malaria parasites too sparse for common laboratory diagnoses. All laboratory diagnostic tests (thin/thick blood smears/rapid) undertaken in different testing centers after I applied first aid in 3 different incidents of malaria illness returned negative results for malaria parasites; yet residual mild joint pains I had in each of these incidents could only be cured by taking a dose of antimalarial drugs. Similarly, doctors recommend sufferers of sickle cell to be constantly well hydrated (Dr. Phillip Kasirye, 2014), to prevent their red blood cells from sticking to each other and blocking tiny blood vessels in body joints, which would cause a sickle cell crises or severe malaria in them. Fever is a reaction of the human immune system to massive presence of malaria parasites and their substances in the blood stream; keeping the population of such parasites very low appears to render the immune system devoid of any need to generate substantial immune substances like cytokines that cause fever.
The relationship between body temperature and appetite (digestion) is quite plain for health scientists to understand, as both attributes are controlled by the hypothalamus. Hypothalamus is part of a human brain responsible for maintaining a relatively stable body temperature. It stimulates digestion to generate heat that compensates for any significant loss of body heat to the atmosphere through first aid, thus, creating or sustaining appetite. Conversely, higher levels of body temperature due to fever alerts the hypothalamus to induce the digestive system to slow down or stop. This feedback involves loss of appetite, nausea and may include vomiting, which stems further heat generation in a bid to lower body temperature. Vomiting helps reduce body temperature as vomit is discharged with part of body heat, and prevents digestion of gut content that would otherwise generate more heat. Therefore, first aid denies the body any excess heat that would stimulate nausea and vomiting; it keeps the body relatively cool with ample room to stimulate digestion for additional heat generation and sustenance of appetite.
Research published by Columbian scientists (German Poveda et al. 2011) spanning a period of decades, established a relationship between outbreaks of symptomatic malaria and hot humid weather. They discovered that more heat in the atmosphere increases symptoms of malaria in the human population. This relationship in essence supports my application of first aid to suppress symptoms of malaria, as first aid fosters cool ventilation of the body that negates or neutralizes symptoms of malaria.
Adequate fresh aeration of the body as a means of undertaking aerotherapy involves; choosing well ventilated locations, wearing light and loosely fitting attire, wearing open footwear and using light/thin beddings, in order to facilitate rapid loss of excess body heat. Optimal exposure to cool fresh air facilitates loss of excess body heat through convection and radiation to prevent fever. Optimal cooling of the body prevents nasal congestion and nasal discharge in events of flu infection, through preventing vasodilation in blood vessels near body surfaces such as; the nasal cavity, upper respiratory tract and skin. Dilation of blood vessels near the skin, nasal cavity and respiratory surface causes nasal congestion, which in turn aids nasal discharge. Keeping the body cool keeps the air ways open and clear, as blood vessels near respiratory surfaces remain constricted with minimal blood volumes, which consequently; stems sneezing, prevents nasal congestion, prevents nasal discharge and prevents inflammation of these organs. It also appears that vasoconstriction of blood vessels near the skin redirects blood to internal organs like the spleen to expedite clearance of malaria parasites from the blood stream. First aid restricts body temperature to a healthy range of 36.1ºC to 37.0ºC.
Tudor Bompa (2004) cites cool fresh air known to be rich in oxygen with the effect of boosting proliferation of antibodies among practitioners of aerotherapy. This implies that the element of aerotherapy in first aid boosts multiplication of antibodies to fight off germs that cause flu or malaria parasites. It should be noted that immune response called phagocytosis demands plenty of oxygen in the process of breaking down microbes or germs that cause diseases (Mayer, Gene 2006), which is made readily available by first aid (aerotherapy). Aerotherapy has originally been applied in the treatment of tuberculosis in Mountain resorts of Switzerland and other European countries prior to the advent of chemotherapy in 1944 (Andreas H. Diacon et. al., 2012).
APPLICATIONS OF FIRST AID
- If one falls sick in a remote place where malaria drugs are not readily accessible, one can rely on first aid as he/she searches for the nearest health clinic.
- Frequent stock out of drugs in our health centers has raised need for first aid, which can sustain adults while they wait for new deliveries or seek for alternative sources.
- First aid prevents loss of working hours by eliminating the need for daytime bed rest.
- First aid keeps patients physically strong to walk extra miles or wait an extra days/week for genuine drugs to avoid buying counterfeit drugs.
- Resources used to admit adult patients in health centers can be reallocated to children, since adults that effectively use first aid can get treated as outpatients.
- Reduces duration of flu illness/symptoms from 12 days to only 4 days.
- Cuts the spread of flu by inhibiting sneezing and preventing cough, which are contagious symptoms that transmit flu.
- It will enable effective control of future flu pandemics unlike the past flu pandemic of 1918 that killed about 50 million people.
- Alleviates abuse of antibiotics in the treatment of flu. Growing resistance to antibiotics is a ticking time bomb.
- First aid can be applied as supportive treatment for typhoid fever and tuberculosis.
EDUCATION & QUALIFICATIONS
I hold a Bachelor of Science (Hon) in Quantitative Economics degree from Makerere University, which has empowered me with skills in literature review, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation and report writing for conducting scientific research.
I have obtained 3 certificates in General Influenza with 2 tests in p2009 Influenza, from Minnesota Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance on line training.
I have also studied all online training modules on Immunology offered by the University of South Carolina.
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- Tudor Bompa, Ph.D. (2004) “Periodization Training: Theory & Methodology”. Page 108; published by human Kinetics and distributed by com.
- M. Voronin “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979)”. http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Aerotherapy.
- Mayer, Gene (2006) “Microbiology and Immunology On-Line Text Book.” University of South Carolina School of Medicine.
- Andreas H. Diacon , Florian von Groote-Bidlingmaier, Peter R. Donald “From Magic Mountain to Table Mountain”. Swiss Medical Weekly. 2012; 142:w13665
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- US Centers for Disease Prevention and Control website: http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/
- World Health Organization website: http://www.who.int/topics/malaria/en/
- National Health Service website: http://www.nhs.uk/../Introduction.aspx http://www.malariasite.org
- Mayo Clinic website: http://www.mayoclinic.org/../con-20013734