Author: Eporu Ronald

Summary of Innovation
First aid consists of taking 2 liters of drinking water per day, and ample intake of cool fresh air as a therapy(Aerotherapy). My innovation entails a mobile App and E-book/book that guide users to detect the earliest symptoms of malaria or flu, then quickly apply first aid to prevent severity of malaria or shorten duration of flu respectively. These tools enable users to quickly detect a history of recent contacts with flu victims, itchiness/patchiness of throat and sneezing, as the earliest signs of flu infection. They can also detect joint pains, dullness of taste/appetite and thirst/dizziness, as the earliest symptoms of malaria. First aid has often enabled me to cut durations of flu illness from 12 days to 4 days, by preventing late symptoms such as; fever, headache, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, cough and body aches, in 14 out of my 16 trials over the last 3.5 years. The result minimizes the spread of flu by blocking or suppressing symptoms that enable transmission of flu like; sneezing, fever and cough. First aid has also often enabled me prevent late severe symptoms of malaria like; fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and body aches, in 6 out of 8 trials. The results can enable patients buy ample time (days-weeks) and fitness, by which they should seek conventional malaria medication to eliminate mild joint pains, as remnants of malaria parasites usually hide in joints. First aid prevents loss of working hours and saves one from spending money on drugs like; paracetamol for treating fever/headache, Intravenous (IV) fluids for treating dehydration, and antiviral drugs for treating flu. Drinking water is a very good conductor of heat, which eliminates excess body heat through inducing frequent urination and maximal sweating, and thus, prevent fever and preserve appetite.


Origin of Idea: How this Innovation came about
I fell seriously ill with typhoid fever in May 2000, which kept on recurring in spite of receiving appropriate conventional treatment repetitively, until 2002 when I eventually applied aerotherapy that effectively cured it. Aerotherapy is a therapy that involves getting sufficient intake of cool/fresh winds to inhibit or alleviate fever, in a bid to stimulate natural healing of the body. I invented an indoor method of selective use of light beddings to facilitate aerotherapy through the night in 2002, which complements the outdoor method of aerotherapy that has been applied in parts of Europe, by which means I recovered from typhoid fever. That remarkable result inspired me to regularly apply aerotherapy to quicken recovery from flu and colds with great success, as aerotherapy would shorten durations of these infections by more than half of the previous time. Successful application of aerotherapy to abort such infections often depended on identifying their earliest symptoms then applying it immediately.

Scientific Rationale (Basis) of First Aid
Drinking water is a very good conductor of heat. Drinking at least 2 liters of water per day upon identifying the earliest symptoms of malaria or flu, induces maximal sweating and frequent urination that transmit excess heat out of the body, to prevent fever and dehydration. Drinking sufficient amount of water also helps prevent headache and body aches, since these two symptoms are largely dependant on fever. Water is also a good solvent in which several essential elements for healing and health are transported all over the body. Adequate intake of water appears to sharply minimize stickiness or ability of red blood cells infected with malaria parasites to cling to walls of tiny blood vessels, and hence, enhance their transportation to the spleen for destruction. Rapid elimination of infected red blood cells from the blood stream alleviates or stalls invasion of new red blood cells, thus, rendering malaria parasites too sparse to be detected by laboratory diagnoses. All the 3 thin/thick blood smears and rapid diagnostic tests that I undertook after applying first aid in 3 different incidents of malaria illness, using 3 different Laboratory technologists, returned negative results; yet joint pains in each of those incidents could only be cured by taking a full dose of conventional antimalarial drugs. Available science literature suggests that malaria parasites find walls of tiny blood vessels in body joints to be conducive hide outs where they hold out, and which makes joints one of the first and last organs where pain can be felt due to accumulation of malaria parasites that block some of their tiny blood vessels. Fever is a reaction of the human immune system to massive presence of malaria parasites and their substances in the blood stream; keeping the population of such parasites very low renders the immune system devoid of any cause to generate that reaction (fever).
The relationship between body temperature and appetite is quite plain for scientists to understand. The part of a human brain responsible for maintaining a relatively stable body temperature, hypothalamus, induces the digestive system to speed up its rate of digestion to generate heat upon detecting substantial rates of loosing body heat, thus, sustaining appetite. Conversely, excessive levels of body heat in form of fever prompts hypothalamus to alert the digestive system to slow down or stop; causing loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, which stem heat generation and lower body temperature. Vomiting contributes to reduction in body temperature as heat gets discharged with vomit. Therefore, first aid denies the body any basis for nausea and vomiting, by keeping the body relatively cool with ample room for digestion and additional heat generation.
Research undertaken by Colombian scientists over a period of decades established a relationship between outbreaks of symptomatic malaria and hot humid weather. This relationship logically supports my prompt application of first aid to suppress symptoms of malaria, and allow patients buy ample time (days – weeks) to obtain appropriate medical cure.

Adequate fresh aeration of the body as a means of eabling aerotherapy involves; choosing well ventilated locations, wearing light and loosely fitting attire, wearing open footwear and using light/thin beddings, in order to facilitate rapid loss of excess body heat to prevent fever. Optimal exposure to cool fresh air facilitates loss of excess body heat through convection and radiation to prevent fever. Optimal cooling of the body prevents nasal congestion and nasal discharge in events of flu infection, through preventing vasodilation that would cause accumulation of blood in blood vessels beneath body surfaces, such as the upper respiratory tract. Vasodilation aids nasal congestion, which in turn aids nasal discharge. Keeping the body cool keeps air ways cool and clear, which stems sneezing and inhibits inflammation of these organs.
Tudor Bompa (2004) cites cool fresh air known to be rich in oxygen to bear effect of boosting proliferation of antibodies among practioners of aerotherapy.
Description of Innovation
Medica App comprises of Flumeter and Malameter components that inform users on solutions to flu and malaria diseases respectively. Both components contain two forms that require a user’s input. Early Signs’ and Late Signs’ forms present 3 questions that require yes and no answers, to probe whether a user has the earliest sign(s) and late sign(s) of either infections. The user submits a form to receive recommendations wrapped in green, yellow and red colors; each color denotes severity or number of existing signs. A sticker bearing an old saying “A STITCH IN TIME SAVES NINE” runs above these two forms. Flumeter is intended to make users alert upon being exposed to a flu victim; users should then look out for the earliest symptoms of flu infection at the upper respiratory tract, such as itchiness/patchiness of the throat and sneezing, which occur 24-48 hours following that exposure. The earliest symptoms of malaria include; joint pains, loss of taste in the mouth (loss of appetite) and thirst. The late symptoms of flu include fever, headache, body aches, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, cough, EST. The late symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, body aches, vomiting, anemia, convulsions and miscarriages. Enabling users to identify the earliest signs of these infections, will prompt them to quickly receive first aid to prevent severity of illness, and start seeking for appropriate health services much earlier than they have been doing before. Medica also contains vital information as files on help, prevention and treatment of both diseases. All conventional measures that can be undertaken to prevent flu and malaria have been included in the Prevention files, and recommended solutions for treating both diseases have been briefly covered in the Treatment files. A help file is part of the menu to guide users on how to operate Medica, besides describing the earliest and late symptoms of both infections. Help file also offers users the scientific rationale that explains early (Primary) indicators of flu infection.
The book that I published at Amazon website is entitled: Medicinal Air & Longevity. It can be purchased using credit cards as a paper back or an eBook that can be read in computers, laptops, iPads and iPhones. This book describes the old out door method of practicing aerotherapy once common in different parts of Europe, and my new indoor method for aerotherapy. This book informs readers on the earliest signs and symptoms of flu, malaria and typhoid fever, and narrates how I have successfully applied aerotherapy against each of these diseases several times. It educates readers on all conventional means of prevention and control of these diseases. Applying cool and fresh air on a body in conjunction taking 2 liters of drinking water per day, upon identifying the earliest signs of infection, prevents the rise of body temperature, which renders the disease mild. This book is intended to serve as a self help guide that readers can study to effectively adopt the practice of aerotherapy. The links for the book are;

Results & Evidence from Numerous Trials
I have aborted 14 out of 16 flu like infections using aerotherapy over the last 3.5 years, which depicts my high levels of accuracy in detecting the earliest symptoms of flu infection. Aborting flu entails reducing its duration from 12 days to 4 days by preventing incidence of late-severe symptoms like; fever, nasal discharge, body aches, headache and cough. My first successful attempts in aborting flu like infections using aeotherapy occurred nearly twelve years ago. I am very successful in identifying sneezing and patchiness/itchiness of throat after exposure to victims as the earliest symptoms of flu, to be able to effectively abort it using aerotherapy and drinking water. The 2 incidents of failed abortion of flu infections were caused by poor administration of aerotherapy in 2 incidents, and delayed administration of aerotherapy as a result of obstruction of a flu infection by a health condition (allergy) in 1 incident.
I have successfully applied aerotherapy to prevent severe symptoms of malaria illness like fever, headache, nausea and vomiting in 6 out 8 different incidents over the past five years. Applying aerotherapy to effectively neutralize symptoms of malaria requires identifying the earliest symptoms of malaria such as thirst, joint pains and having been in locations affected by malaria affected in the previous month, and taking action against it immediately. This treatment would then enable me buy time like a few days/weeks to obtain ACT antimalarial drugs. Prolonged use of aerotherapy and drinking water to suppress malaria symptoms, can render malaria parasites in the blood too sparse to be detected, as found by the author in 3 separate diagnostic tests, involving 3 different incidents of malaria illness. However, mild joint pains would often persist and could only be cured by receiving a dose of antimalaria drugs in all those incidents, which indicates that malaria parasites had remained hidden in the joints before receiving ACT drugs. Those diagnostic tests were undertaken by qualified medical professionals; the first test involved thin and thick blood smear, the second test involved RDT and third test was a thick blood smear. The author had initially enjoyed an asymptomatic status or had been totally free from malaria illness in his first seven years of adopting aerotherapy.
I was once able to recover from a typhoid fever in 2002, which had been recurring and resistant to conventional drugs for 2 years; this fever was eventually resolved through my adherence to aerotherapy. The high levels of success that I have registered in applying aerotherapy to abort flu infections, treat malaria and cure typhoid mentioned above, demonstrates the scientific significance of using cool air and drinking plenty of water to prevent fever. Fever is the most critical symptom that health scientists have always tried to prevent or suppress, to facilitate healing of patients suffering from flu, malaria and other feverish diseases like typhoid.
My consistent usage of aerotherapy and drinking water to achieve those results, has been corroborated by recommendations of drinking plenty of water/fluids and spreading of damp cloth over bodies of feverish patients in conventional medical practice, to alleviate fever. Tepid sponging or spreading damp cloth over the body of a patient facilitates evaporation of excess heat from the body in a bid to normalize body temperature, just as allowing cool and fresh air to blow over a scantly dressed body does in aerotherapy. However, my solution has an edge over conventional practice by acting quickly upon identifying the earliest signs of infection, to stay on top of the situation of keeping body temperature under control. Aerotherapy practice ensures optimal ventilation of the building, use of open foot wear, use of light and loosely fitting attire and use of light beddings, to maintain optimal respiration and normal body temperature.

Hardware Components
Mobile phones that run java apps and laptops or desk top computers with Java Runtime Environment software can operate my mobile app. Android platform app is being developed to run in tablets and other android phones. The print out of this app’s literature can also be made available to user’s who cannot afford above devices.

Problem Statement
There is still a great deal of ignorance on common diseases in our society. Most diseases can be prevented or effectively cured if identified or diagnosed very early, yet many people in our society still remain ignorant of the earliest signs of diseases like; flu, cancer, malaria, e.t.c. Malaria is a feverish disease that causes loss of lives, loss of working hours, anemia, abortion in pregnant women, learning impairment in children and loss of about 12 billion US dollars to African countries. Children constitute 90% of all malaria deaths in Africa, which requires concerted efforts to equip a new generation of parents with information to prevent it. Scientists are warning that our society remains at risk of suffering a potentially devastating flu pandemic similar to the 1918 flu pandemic, which caused the death of about 50 million people globally. A flu pandemic involves emergence of a new strain of flu to which the human population has little or no resistance, as it spreads efficiently from person to person globally. Flu virus keeps evolving all the time, requiring everyone to be alert, and well equipped with quality information to respond to any flu pandemic appropriately. Additionally, common flu causes 2-3 million cases of severe illness with a loss of about 500,000 lives globally per annum. Common flu also causes complications like pneumonia and heart attacks, and can cause abuse of antibiotics by ignorant people leading to drug resistance. Fever is the major symptom to be effectively resolved in both diseases.

How this innovation solves or contributes to solving malaria and flu problems?
1. This innovation will cost effectively substitute Intravenous (IV) fluids and paracetamol in the treatment of malaria among adults, which products can then be reserved for treating children and other vulnerable people. Adults save time that would have been spent on drip, which they can use to tend to their businesses or jobs.
2. It will sharply reduce loss of working hours, abortion and death due to severe malaria/flu, as users quickly apply first aid and/or seek treatment in time, to prevent severity of illness. Users also get to apply various means of preventing malaria and flu.
3. This innovation can also substitute/complement antiviral drugs in the treatment of flu among healthy adults, and complement antibiotic drugs in treating typhoid fever.
4. It will minimize the spread of flu like illnesses as first aid blocks symptoms associated with transmission of flu like fever, sneezing and cough.
5. This innovation will boost vaccination levels against flu. Flu vaccines are available in some public and private clinics in Uganda yet usage is still too low. This innovation will raise awareness about it to increase the number of people seeking vaccination against flu.
6. This innovation will enhance capacity of individuals to prevent and quickly treat flu infections, to ensure speedy containment of any flu pandemic that may arise in the future.

I am a scientist who has always been passionate of making scientific discoveries and inventing new solutions.
I passed all science subjects in my Primary Leaving Examination with D1 in Science, D1 in Mathematics, and D2 in English, D1 in SST.
I passed all science subjects in my ‘O’ level and ‘A’ level examinations with high grades in spite of facing school fees problems. I obtained Maths-C3, Biology-C3, Chemistry-D2, and Physics-C3 in my UCE.
I hold a Bachelor of Science (Hon) in Quantitative Economics degree from Makerere University, which has empowered me with skills in literature review, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation and report writing for conducting scientific research. I was one of the best students in the Research project (B+) as I obtained a Second Class Upper degree with a CGPA of 3.85.
I have obtained 3 certificates in General Influenza with 2 tests in p2009 Influenza, from Minnesota Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance on line training.
I have also studied all online training modules on Immunology offered by the University of South Carolina.
I have spent over 3 years systematically collecting primary data in a case study on the earliest signs of flu and malaria infections, which gives me a solid foundation for developing Medica to publish new findings.

1. Germán Poveda, Óscar A Estrada-Restrepo, Julián E Morales, Ólver O Hernández, Armando Galeano, Salua Osorio “Integrating knowledge and management regarding the climate-malaria linkages in Colombia” Reference: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2011, Pages 448-460.
2. Tudor Bompa, Ph.D. (2004) ‘Periodization Training: Theory & Methodology’. Page 108; published by human Kinetics and distributed by
3. N. M. Voronin “The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979)”.
4. Malarian Control Programme in Ministry of Health Uganda, “Management of Uncomplicated Malaria”, 2002
5. MCEIRS-CIDRAP “Origin of the Pandemic H1N1 2009 Influenza Virus”, Jan 2011.
6. MCEIRS-CIDRAP “Interspecies Transmission of Influenza Viruses”, Oct 2013.
7. MCEIRS-CIDRAP “pH1N1 2009 Influenza Virus Among Humans: Surveillance”, Jan 2011.
8. MCEIRS-CIDRAP “PANDEMIC H1N1 2009 Influenza Virus Among Humans: Epidemiology”,Jan 2011.
9. MCEIRS-CIDRAP”Agricultural Worker Health and the Influenza Virus”, Oct 2013.
10. MCEIRS-CIDRAP “Influenza in Companion Animals”, Oct 2013.
11. Fabrice Carrat et. al. “Time Lines of Infection and Disease in Human Influenza: A Review of Volunteer Challenge Studies” American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 167 Issue 7 Page 775 to 785.
12. US Centers for Disease Prevention and Control website:
13. World Health Organization website:
14. National Health Service website:
16. Mayo Clinic website:

1. MCEIRS means Minnesota Center of Excellence for Influenza Research and Surveillance.
2. CIDRAP means Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy, University of Minnesota.
3. CDC means US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
4. WHO means World Health Organization.